The caves are part of the natural, mineral landscapes and are formed by erosion due to the action of various agents. This physical phenomenon occurs in the mountains and under the ground, and there are two main causes for this: Movement of the land and the erosive action of the water. Therefore the movements of the land such as earthquakes are the main cause for the formation of caverns. The underground waters flow in currents which over the years attack the upper clay like surfaces, provoking part of the rocks interior to collapse, and thus forming a cave. In Majorca, there are hundreds of caves, but there are some which have become an international tourist attraction.
The Caves of Drach
In the rustic estate of Son Morro in Porto Cristo, Manacor, there is one of the most beautiful cave formations in Europe and, possibly the world. The beauty of this natural formation is impressive due to the combination of rock and water. The amount of stalactites and stalagmites present are immeasurable & their forms have been influenced by the caprices of nature which is always unpredictable. The main attraction is the Martel Lake, one of the largest underground lakes in the world, and is some 177 metres long, 30 metres wide, and with a depth which varies from 5 to 12 metres. The lighting in the various sections, together with the music that can be enjoyed from the small concert, is the highlight of the visit to this monument of Mother Nature.
The Caves of Hams
On the 2nd of March 1905, Mr Pedro Caldenty discovered this cavernous formation. The Caves of Hams are famous for their unique formations which look like fish hooks. Thus the name Hams was given, which in Catalan means fish hooks. Mr Lorenzo Caldenty, son of the discoverer of these caves, placed beautiful and brightly coloured lighting throughout the natural formation which without a doubt causes a reaction from its visitors. The Caves of Hams have small live pre-historic crustaceans, which are completely blind and live in the waters of the cavern. By the lake of the caves, the visitors can take great pleasure in listening to the concert of classical music.
The Caves of Artá
The impressive caves of Artá were formed due to the actions of the sea at the Cape of Canyamel, in the municipal district of Capdepera. They are one of the tallest caverns in Europe, with a stalactite of 22 mts, called the Queen of the Columns. There are two rooms which powerfully draw your attention: The Room of Hell & the Room of the Flags.
The Caves of Campanet
The Caves of Campanet were discovered in 1945 in the municipal district of Campanet, at Km 39 of the road from Palma to Alcudia. Mother Nature has created a beautiful work of art which is an underground cavity of 3.200 sq m, with rooms such the Romantic room or the Haunted City.
The Caves of Genova
The Caves of Genova are situated in the municipal district of Palma. They are located some 36 metres deep and were discovered in 1936. The continuous filtrations of water perforate the rock and deposit sediments which forms the incredible stalactites and stalagmites at the hands of its charismatic & original architect.